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LESSON : 1 الدرس الأول
Parts of speech in Arabic language أقسام الكلام في اللغة العربية
Parts of speech in Arabic Language are: 1- ism ( noun ) اسم name of a person or animal or anything has a name.
2- fe'al ( verb ) فعل a verb in past or present or future.
3- harrf ( compound letters ) حرف example ( من - الى - عن - في - قد ) as ( to - of - from - but ).
مثال :جملة باللغة العربية على أقسام الكلام
An Arabic sentence ( Jumllah ) as an example on Parts of Speech:
ذهب محمد الى السوق means Mohamad went to the market. If we want to identify and recognize the types of words in this sentence,we will divide them as ( nouns ) ( verbs ) ( horrof).Horrof or Ahruffmeans letters and this wordhorrofis a plural form ofharrf like feet of foot.
1- nouns are ( محمد) Mohamad is a name of a person and ( السوقmeans themarket ) market is a name of a place.We have 2 names in this sentence ( mohamad and market ) and theis an article =ال
2- verbs areذهب = went ( we have only one verb here which is went )
3- horrof (letters) areإلى= to( we have only one letter here which is to = الى ). In Arabic we call words like ( to, of, from, in, and, but, if ) horrof and they are conjunctions used to connectnouns , verbs and words together to make phrases or complete sentences .
Verbs in Arabic Language devided to 3 types: 1- Fe"al Madei means ( Past Verb ) askataba كتبfor a male person ( he wrote ) orkatabat كتبتfor a female person ( she wrote ) and aslaeba لعبfor a male orlaebat لعبتfor a female means ( he/she played ).
2- Fe'al Muddare' or Hadder means ( Present Verb ) asyaktub يكتبfor a male person (he writes) ortaktubتكتبfor a female person (she writes ) and asyala'b يلعبfor a male person ortala'b تلعبfor a female person means ( he/she plays ).
3- Fe"al Ammr ( Command Verb ) asoktub أكتبfor a male person andoktubei أكتبيfor a female means write and asillabb العب/ illabei العبيmeans ( play ).
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